What is Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)?

What is Restless Legs Syndrome? Restless Legs Syndrome or RLS is a feeling/sensation disorder that makes people experience an obnoxious feeling in different parts of their bodies when they go to bed. The most common area of the body that restless legs syndrome occurs in is the legs, but it can also effect the arms, abdomen, and chest as well.There is not a lot of knowledge about the causes of restless legs syndrome, but it is believed to be genetic. Many researchers have found that restless leg syndrome is directly associated with a dysfunction in the basal ganglia circuits of the brain. These circuits use dopamine as a neurotransmitter. Dopamine is needed for smooth and focused muscle movement and motion. A break in these circuits causes involuntary movements, which is directly related to restless leg syndrome. In some cases there is a very obvious reason for the disorder (the lacking of a certain mineral for instance). In cases such as these, treatment for the cause will usually solve the problem. In women, RLS  sometimes occurs during pregnancy.

What are the symptoms of RLS?
Restless Leg SyndromeThe main symptom of restless legs syndrome is the sensation that makes you feel as though you must move a certain part of your body, which usually happens to be the legs.  These different sensations are detailed as feeling like a tingling, picking, swarming, or pulling type impression. Moving the effected body part usually makes the sensations go away, if only for a short period of time. Once asleep, someone with restless legs syndrome might experience  a jerking of the legs or arms, this is something called periodic limb movements.
What are the available treatments for legs syndrome?

Restless legs syndrome is very treatable. The care that is provided for the syndrome is aimed at solving the symptoms. In some cases restless legs syndrome can be treated if caused by an underlying medical issue. If the underlying medical issue is solved, then the syndrome will typically be solved  as well. There are also lifestyle changes one can make to lessen the amount of symptoms they experience. Decreasing the use of caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, and drugs in genera; can be beneficial in diminishing the symptoms. If someone who is a sufferer of RLS has a deficiency in folate, iron or magnesium, supplements can be taken to level the imbalances. Although helpful, the use of supplements alone is usually not enough to make the symptoms completely dissipate.  Because very single persons biological and medical history is different, treating restless legs syndrome comes down to taking medications on trial and seeing what works and what does not work. Restless legs syndrome is typically thought to be a lifelong medical condition. With this in mind, there are many treatment options for restless legs syndrome. Just because you have RLS does not mean you have to forfeit a good night’s sleep, talk to your healthcare provider about a possible diagnosis and then consider the appropriate treatment options.

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