What is Psoriasis? Psoriasis is a common, chronic skin disease that affects the skin cells and surrounding skin tissue. Psoriasis affects the life cycle of skin cells to the point where the cells will build up quickly on the skin’s surface. Many people don’t know what is psoriasis and they get this condition confused with other skin disorders. Psoriasis is characterized by thick silvery scales that are generally red, dry and itchy. Patients with psoriasis affecting three percent or less of their body are considered to have a mild case, while those with with three to ten percent of their body affected are considered to have a moderate case. However, those with psoriasis covering more than ten percent of the body is considered to have a severe case.
What Causes Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is caused by a malfunction of the immune system. Researchers have noticed that psoriasis can develop when something triggers the immune system. T cells, a type of white blood cell, are at the root of the cause of psoriasis. These T cells are attacking the skin where the psoriasis is located. When doctors take a biopsy of psoriatic skin, they can see a lot of T cells underneath the plaque buildup. The immune system in someone with psoriasis causes inflammation and rapid growth of skin cells, rather than protecting the body from foreign invaders as it is supposed to do. Both genetics and environmental triggers seem to each play a role in the cause of psoriasis.
Psoriasis treatment is considered to be important in good management of the disease and of your overall health. Patients can work with their doctors to decide on a course of treatment, or treatments. that can reduce or eliminate your symptoms. Every person with psoriasis is different; what works for one psoriasis patient may not work for another. It is important to keep trying all treatment options until you find the right one that works for you.
There are several types of treatment for moderate to severe psoriasis. This involves a combination of topical ointments, phototherapy or systemic medications. There are also treatments that are considered to be alternative, and these are not presently considered to be part of modern medicine.