As women age, they experience a condition called menopause. This term is typically used to describe the various changes that a woman experiences just before, as well as after, she stops the menstruating process. Many people dont know what is menopause until they are experiencing symptoms of this condition. Menopause signals the end of a woman‚ reproductive stage. When menopause happens in a woman over the age of forty, it is considered to be natural menopause and is considered a natural part of the aging process. Menopause that happens before a woman is forty years old is considered to be premature menopause.
What Are the Causes of Menopause?
When a woman is born, she has a finite amount of eggs that are stored in her ovaries. The ovaries create the estrogen and progesterone hormones which control ovulation, as well as menstruation of the woman. When the ovaries do not create one egg per month is when the menstruation processes cease.
In natural menopause, there are three different stages or levels of the process. The first level is called peri-menopause. This stage starts when the ovaries start to produce less and less estrogen. Peri-menopause continues until the ovaries cease releasing eggs. The second stage, which is menopause, occurs when the woman has not had a menstrual period for at least a year. The ovaries stop releasing eggs and stop creating the majority of estrogen hormones. Post menopause, the final stage of natural menopause, occurs years after the initial onset of menopause. During this stage, the symptoms of menopause ease in severity for the majority of most women. Even though some of the symptoms may decrease in intensity and regularity during this stage, the loss of estrogen that occurs increases the chance of other health risks in the woman.
Premature menopause can occur because of a woman‚Äôs specific genes, disorders that are autoimmune related, as well as certain medical conditions or procedures. There are also other reasons that a woman might be diagnosed with premature menopause such as premature ovarian failure and induced menopause.
What Are the Symptoms of Menopause?
There are numerous symptoms that can occur due to menopause. These can include hot flashes, periods that are irregular, insomnia, depression, migraines, muscle and joint pain, bladder control issues, and drastic changes in mood. However, it is important to note that not all women experience the same symptoms. There are also health problems that are more long-term in nature which can be caused by menopause. These medical problems and issues include heart disease, osteoporosis, cataracts, macular degeneration, and an increased risk of Alzheimer disease.
What Are the Available Treatment Options for Menopause?
There are a lot of different treatment options that are available to help women who are undergoing menopause. Treatments utilize changes in diet, medication, and exercise. One of the most common treatments that, in the past, was widely used is called hormone replacement therapy. This treatment generally depends on a lot of different factors and is not recommended for all women to undergo. Although there are many different treatment options available hormone replacement therapy, herbal medicines, alternative treatments, and medications, doctors agree that one of the best ways to prevent several of the symptoms and health risks that are associated with menopause is to maintain an active and healthy lifestyle. It is important to check with your doctor if you are experiencing this condition to determine the best course of treatment for you.