What is Dyslexia? Dyslexia is a disorder affecting the brain, where both letters and words are difficult to interpret, making reading, writing, and spelling very difficult tasks to successfully complete. Dyslexia does not affect general intelligence, however it is commonly seen in reading and writing. Reversing numbers is also common among those with dyslexia.
What Causes Dyslexia?
The direct cause of dyslexia is not known, however, many experts in the field of learning disability research agree that it is most likely a genetic disorder, due to its tendency to run in families. There have also been studies of the brain that showed abnormalities in the parts of the brain that are involved with reading and comprehending language.
What Are the Symptoms of Dyslexia?
The symptoms or signs of dyslexia differ depending on the age of the person with dyslexia. For example. a child that is less than five years old may take longer to speak in response to a question than most kids his or her age. The child may experience more problems than their typical peers when attempting to pronounce words. The younger child may also have problems when trying to learn the alphabet, the days of the week, as well as colors and numbers. In younger children who have dyslexia, motor skills may also take longer than usual to develop.
A child who is anywhere from five to nine years old may experience difficulty in reading specific words that are not surrounded by other words. The child may learn how to connect sounds and letters much slower than others, or he or she may make frequent reading and spelling mistakes. An adolescent who is nine to fourteen years old may show symptoms such as reading at a much lower comprehension level then what is expected and he or she may avoid reading aloud or around others. Someone who has dyslexia as an adolescent may also experience problems when attempting to solve math problems that use words, have trouble spelling, and exhibit difficulties when learning various spelling or reading techniques/strategies.
Someone who is high-school or college aged that has dyslexia may exhibit various different types symptoms. He or she may read at a very slow pace, spell inaccurately, and have a limited vocabulary from being unable to store information gained from reading. An adult with dyslexia may hide his or her reading problems, have very poor spelling skills, and they typically shy away from tasks that involve a large amount of writing or reading.
What are the Available Treatment Options for Dyslexia?
The treatment of dyslexia makes use of various types of educational tools and strategies in order to elevate the student’s reading ability. Medications and therapy are not typically used in the treatment of dyslexia. It is important to have a diagnosis of the disorder early in order to have a better chance of success when treating it. If the disorder is treated early enough, then reading skills are typically improved and problems associated with reading can sometimes be prevented. Even though it is very possible to manage dyslexia, someone who has the disorder will most likely continue to have problems with reading for the remainder of their lives.