ADHD is an acronym which stands for Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. ADHD is a medical condition which effects a large number of children and adolescents, and the disorder usually continues into adulthood as well. ADHD is the most frequent diagnosed mental disorder in children, with boys being the dominant sex.
What are the symptoms of ADHD?
Children sufferers of ADHD experience three main areas of symptoms; inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. When it comes to the symptoms of inattention; children with ADHD usually distract very easily and do not take direction very well. They might experience problems with responsibilities, organization, and remaining still for a moderate period of time. They also daydream more then normal. The symptoms of hyperactivity include excessive fidgeting, squirming, and bouncing motions when seated. Due to this excessive amount of motion, children with ADHD do not often stay seated when told to. A child with ADHD might experience difficulties with quietly playing, and the child might talk more than what is normal. A child exhibiting the hyperactive symptoms of ADHD might also always be in motion (running, climbing, etc). Impulsive behavior is also present in children who suffer from the symptoms of ADHD. Symptoms of impulsivity include a difficulty with general waiting. For example the child would have a difficulty with not interrupting others, often answering questions before the question has been asked.
Adult sufferers of ADHD may experience different symptoms then children with ADHD. Adults exhibiting symptoms of ADHD may be experiencing them due to various behavior issues or the symptoms may be linked to childhood ADHD. Low self-image/self-worth, nervousness, spontaneity, compulsion problems, organization troubles, frequent boredom, depression, and relation problems are all potential symptoms of ADHD in adults.
What causes ADHD?
Although nobody knows what the true cause of ADHD is, many experts and researchers concur that there are numerous different factors which could cause ADHD. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder has been suggested to be hereditary, meaning that children could inherit the potential to develop the disorder from their genes/parents. Many also think that a chemical imbalance in the brain (the imbalance of certain neurotransmitters) could be a determining factor to the growth of the symptoms of ADHD. Researchers have also found that the part of the brain that controls attention span is often times less dynamic in children who have ADHD compared to children who do not have the disorder. There are also various causes which are possibly linked to the trigger of symptoms in ADHD sufferers. These causes of ADHD include a poor diet and drug abuse during a pregnancy, exposure to specific toxins that effect brain development in young children, and brain injuries/disorders.
Common treatments of ADHD
There is no cure for ADHD. However a lot of the symptoms that interfere with daily life can be controlled through both prescribed medication and psychological therapy. Common treatments of ADHD include the use of stimulants, anti-depressants, non-stimulants, and different psychological therapy techniques. Stimulants are often used to stabilize symptoms of impulsivity and hyperactivity. Psychological therapies can also be used for subduing the symptoms of ADHD.