Strokes happen when blood vessels in the brain are either blocked or burst. When the brain doesn’t have blood and the oxygen that the blood carries, parts of it begin to shut down and die. Whatever part of the body that the damaged area of the brain controls will not work properly. When a stroke occurs, brain damage can set in within the first few minutes.
What causes a stroke?
There are officially two unique forms of stroke, ischemic in addition to hemorrhagic. Ischemic strokes transpire due to blood vessels of the brain being blocked by a blood clot. The blood clot may come from another area of the blood system or it may even form within a blood vessel. Hemorrhagic strokes are when there is a leak or burst from an artery in the brain. The effect of the burst or leaking artery is bleeding near or from the inside of the brain. Although less common than an Ischemic stroke, a Hemorrhagic stroke is the more deadly of the two.
What are the symptoms of a stroke?
Stroke symptoms may appear very rapidly in the sufferer. Symptoms of a stroke might include the loss of movement of a body part (specifically or especially on one side of the body), a quick numbness, a loss of feeling or movement in the face, rapid changes in vision, trouble pronouncing or enunciating words, as well as vertigo type issues (balance control problems).
What are the treatments for a stroke?
The types of treatment available depend on what type of stroke has been diagnosed or experienced. If someone has had an ischemic stroke, there would be a treatment focused on blood flow restoration of the brain. Also possible is the use of anti blood clot medicines. The more deadly but rare hemorrhagic stroke is harder to treat. Surgeries or other methods to stop bleeding and/or pressure from the brain are possible treatments. Additionally medicines may also be used to manage swelling in the brain, pressure of the blood, and other various potential complications.
After the initial stroke is experienced and treated, the focus is shifted to treating other issues and dealing with possible future strokes. Conditions that put someone at risk for a having a stroke such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol may need to be properly treated and medicated for. Blood vessels that supply the brain sometimes require a surgery to remove plaque buildup. Stroke rehab is for helping stroke victims regain the skills they may have lost as well as for capitalizing on the remaining abilities they may have. Preventing the possibility of another stroke is also one of the goals of stroke rehab. It is important after having a stroke to make necessary lifestyle changes. Managing and controlling diabetes, blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol are all ways to make the possibility of another stroke less likely. Making your lifestyle more healthy is also another way to ensure that the possibility of a stroke happening again is lessened.