What is trigeminal neuralgia?

Trigeminal neuralgia is a painful neuropathic condition affecting the nerves in the face, specifically the trigeminal nerve.  The trigeminal nerves are responsible for pressure, temperature, and pain, meaning that any injury or disorder in the tissue surrounding the nerves will cause a variety of pain.  The trigeminal nerve is also responsible for the motor function of chewing, meaning trigeminal neuralgia can impair one’s ability to chew food. [Read more...]

What is sciatica: What causes sciatica?

What is sciatica?
Sciatica encompasses all symptoms resulting from damage to the sciatic nerve.  For this reason, the symptoms of sciatica are varied, ranging from unbearable sharp pain to numbness and tingling.  Usually sciatica occurs in one leg at a time or in the lower back.  The sciatic nerve runs from the lower back, to the buttock down the leg to the foot. Pressure or injury to any of these areas may affect the sciatic nerve.  Injury to the sciatic nerve causes, but is not limited to, numbness, tingling, pain or weakness.  Signs of sciatica include weakness in the knee, decreased reflex speed, and difficulty rotating ankle. Seek immediate medical attention if these symptoms are coupled with loss of bowel or bladder control as this may suggest severe nerve damage is taking place. [Read more...]

What is Osteoporosis: What Causes Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis, the most common bone disease, occurs when the body fails to create new bone matter.  Specifically, osteoporosis is defined as a disparity in bone resorption, the breaking down of old bone matter, and bone formation, the creation of new bone matter.  This deficiency leads to decreased bone density and increases the risk of breakage over time. [Read more...]

What is a Yeast Infection: What Causes a Yeast Infection?

What is a yeast infection? Most people only think of yeast infections in terms of vaginal yeast infections. There are, however, many types of yeast infections that affect different areas of the body. The technical term for these infections as a group is candidiasis. Most candidal infections are superficial and occur in moist, warm areas on the body such as the mouth, underarms, and vagina. In rare cases, a yeast infection may become systemic and spread throughout the body. About 75% of systemic yeast infections may be fatal. Yeast infections that become systemic are called candidemia. [Read more...]

What is Scoliosis: What Causes Scoliosis?

What is Scoliosis? Scoliosis is a medical condition where an individual’s spine is abnormally curved. Normally, a person’s spine is straight with a very slight curve but a person with scoliosis has a spine curved side to side in the shape of a C or S. Depending on its severity, scoliosis can affect the body in numerous ways. The abnormal curve in the spine can result in a person’s hips to sit at different levels which may affect the way stand and walk. This can cause a limited range in motion and result in a stiff gait. [Read more...]

What is Sickle Cell Anemia: What Causes Sickle Cell Anemia?

What is Sickle cell anemia? Sickle cell anemia (a common form of sickle cell disease) is a genetic blood disorder that affects the red blood cells in the body. Instead of being shaped like soft, spongy discs like normal red blood cells, blood cells affected by sickle cell anemia are curved like a sickle or crescent. This causes the blood cells to be sticky and less flexible than normal blood cells so that they may block blood flow through the blood vessels. [Read more...]

What are Warts: What Causes Warts?

What are warts? Warts are painless growths that occur on the skin.  There are five types of warts that can occur: common warts generally grow on the hands, however they can appear anywhere on the body.  Plantar warts occur on the bottom of the feet and when you walk you might feel pain, like stepping on a pebble.  Flat warts grow on the arms, legs or face.  They are generally small.  Filiform warts can grow around the nose, mouth or sides of the face.  Periungual warts grow around and under the toenails and fingernails. [Read more...]

What is Psoriasis: What Causes Psoriasis?

What is Psoriasis? Psoriasis is a common, chronic skin disease that affects the skin cells and surrounding skin tissue.  Psoriasis affects the life cycle of skin cells to the point where the cells will build up quickly on the skin’s surface. Many people don’t know what is psoriasis and they get this condition confused with other skin disorders.  Psoriasis is characterized by thick silvery scales that are generally red, dry and itchy.  Patients with psoriasis affecting three percent or less of their body are considered to have a mild case, while those with with three to ten percent of their body affected are considered to have a moderate case.  However, those with psoriasis covering more than ten percent of the body is considered to have a severe case. [Read more...]

What is Pancreatic Cancer: What Causes Pancreatic Cancer?

Many people dont know what is pancreatic cancer even though each and every year more than thirty thousand people in the United States are diagnosed with this disease.  Europe has almost double the amount of diagnoses per year. The pancreas is a single organ that is located directly behind the stomach towards the rear of the abdomen. Cancer is a broad category for the numerous different diseases that are primarily characterized by a cell growth that is excessive and extremely out of control. The pancreas is considered to be cancerous as soon as this out of control cell growth is seen in the pancreas. The excessive cell growth caused by the cancer forms the cells inside the pancreas into tissue masses or lumps which are called tumors. Once formed, the tumors cause major problems in the pancreas, interfering with the main processes of the organ.   [Read more...]

What is Schizophrenia: What Causes Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a type of psychosis, and more specifically, a very severe disorder of the brain that changes the way a person rationalizes, acts, views reality, and displays emotions. Many people dont know what is schizophrenia but it is the most problem-causing and chronically occurring of all the mental illnesses. Those who have schizophrenia are known to exhibit a lot of difficulties in functioning at work, school, and in society. Although there is no cure for this lifelong disease, it can be controlled with the correct treatment. [Read more...]